Hemiplegia refers to weakness or paralysis down one side of the body. Another term associated with hemiplegia is “hemiparesis”. The specific definition of hemiparesis means partial weakness, while hemiplegia means complete paralysis. However, many professionals and publications often use the term “hemiplegia” to cover both hemiplegia and hemiparesis. We will also use the overall term “hemiplegia” to cover both types of presentation. Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain. There are many causes of damage to the brain that may result in hemiplegia.
Congenital Hemiplegia: Congenital hemiplegia can happen at any point when the child is in the womb, during birth or shortly after birth. Premature birth or a traumatic delivery can be a cause of congenital hemiplegia. However, the cause of congenital hemiplegia is often unknown and there may be no sign of hemiplegia until the child is several months old. Congenital hemiplegia is a presentation of Cerebral Palsy.