Hemiplegia refers to weakness or paralysis down one side of the body. Another term associated with hemiplegia is “hemiparesis”. The specific definition of hemiparesis means partial weakness, while hemiplegia means complete paralysis. However, many professionals and publications often use the term “hemiplegia” to cover both hemiplegia and hemiparesis. We will also use the overall term “hemiplegia” to cover both types of presentation.
Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain. There are many causes of damage to the brain that may result in hemiplegia. An adult who acquired hemiplegia as a child is said to have congenital hemiplegia.